Free Esperanto Course

Lesson Seven

In school students can expect to study French for about 5 years, 40 weeks in the year, 4 lessons a week at about (on the average) 30 minutes for each lesson. Or, roughly, about 400 hours. By the end of this time, only about 10% of the students would receive a passing grade on a decent exam, and not all of those would be understood in France.

Esperanto is about 5 to 10 times easier to learn than French, so you would expect to take about 40 to 80 hours of study to achieve a comparable language level in Esperanto, but in these ten network lessons you may spend a total of only 10 hours.

So you can easily see that this course will not have you speaking fluent Esperanto by Lesson Ten, but it will have introduced you to the basic principles of the language, which by now should not appear so 'foreign' to you if you were to pick up a textbook or elementary reader.

Rowing across the ocean would be more satisfying (and a little bit easier) if you could see the milestones going by. Otherwise, once out of sight of land, it is an act of faith whether you are making any progress at all. In the same way in learning a language, are you really learning more than you are forgetting?

In a 'correspondence' course such as this one, it is impossible to test your speaking and listening abilities. That will come at some later level in your quest for complete control over the International Language. Right now, we will have to be content with written tests and exercises.

Below, you will find a series of vocabulary and grammar ("fill-in-the-blank") exercises to be used as sort of a test. Try to complete and send in these exercises without referring back to previous lessons. If you do look back, then you never really will know how much you've learned so far. So, do the exercises and study the little bit of new material.

Ekzercoj, Leciono Sep

Vocabulary Test (Translate into English):

  1. akvo
  2. al
  3. ami
  4. amiko
  5. Anglujo
  6. atendi
  7. auxtobuseto
  8. bela
  9. biciklo
  10. blanka
  11. blua
  12. bona
  13. bruna
  14. butiko
  15. cigaredo
  16. cxambro
  17. cxe
  18. cxokolado
  19. danco
  20. de
  21. dek
  22. demandi
  23. domo
  24. du
  25. dum
  26. en
  27. esti
  28. fari
  29. flava
  30. forgesi
  31. frato
  32. fumi
  33. granda
  34. gxis
  35. gxojo
  36. havi
  37. hejmo
  38. horo
  39. ili
  40. instruisto
  41. juna
  42. kafo
  43. kaj
  44. kial
  45. kiam
  46. kiel
  47. kies
  48. kiom
  49. knabo
  50. kuko
  51. kun
  52. kuri
  53. kvar
  54. kvin
  55. lakto
  56. lavi
  57. mangxi
  58. patro
  59. skribi
  60. verda

Grammar Test (Replace 'missing bits'):

Use the following 'missing bits': a, aj, aj, al, an, cxe, cxion, cxiuj, de, dum, e, e, en, estas, gxis, havas, ili, in, ist, iu, jun, kaj, kiel, kies, kio, kun, la, mal, ne, o, o, oj, ojn, on, on, por, sub, sur, tio, as, as, tiu, tiom.

  1. The boy. ___ knab___.
  2. A good boy. ___ bon___ knabo.
  3. And a girl. ___ knab___o.
  4. The girl is bad. La knabino ___ ___bona.
  5. She has a cigarette. Sxi ___ cigared___.
  6. Men smoke cigarettes. Vir___ fumas cigared___.
  7. Good girls don't smoke. Bon___ knabinoj ___ fumas.
  8. But they quickly learn. Sed ___ rapid___ lern___.
  9. The pupils are young. La lernantoj estas jun___.
  10. They have a new school. Ili havas nov___ lernejon.
  11. The teacher is old. La instru___o estas mal___a.
  12. 'What's that?' he asks. '___ estas ___?' li demandas.
  13. Start working quietly. Eklaboru silent___.
  14. Whose book is that? ___ libro estas ___?
  15. How (did) you do so-much? ___ vi faris ___?
  16. Do everything again. Refaru ___.
  17. To the club in Paris. ___ la klubo ___ Parizo.
  18. In the minibus from London. ___ la auxtobuseto ___ Londono.
  19. With lemonade under the seats. ___ limonado ___ la segxoj.
  20. For drinking whilst we journey. ___ trinkado ___ ni vojagxas.
  21. On the freeway as far as Paris. ___ la sxoseo ___ Parizo.
  22. We all run on to the beach. Ni ___ kur___ sur la plagx___.
  23. And someone swims in the sea. Kaj ___ nagxas en la mar___.

Let's take a look now at some very important verbs...

voli (want), povi (can, be able), devi (must, have to)

Mi volas veniMi volas kompreni
I want to comeI want to understand
Mi povas veniMi povas kompreni
I am able to comeI am able to understand
I can comeI can understand
Mi devas veniMi devas kompreni
I must comeI must understand
I have to comeI have to understand

[Always use the infinitive verb after voli, povi, devi.]

placxi al, sxati, ami

Io aux iu placxas al mi.
Something or someone is pleasing to me. I like someone or something (a mild, noncommittal verb)
Mi sxatas ion.
I esteem, greatly like something. (inanimate objects, etc.)
Mi amas iun.
I love someone (or pets).
Libroj placxas al mi.
Books are pleasing to me. I like books.
Betty placxas al mi.
Betty is pleasing to me. I like Betty.
Mi sxatas cxokoladajn kuketojn.
I really like chocolate cupcakes.
Mi amas vian filinon.
I love (am in love with) your daughter.

koni vs. scii

Mi konas...
I know OF, I am aware of such a person, place or thing, or happening.
Mi scias...
I know something, have studied it.
Cxu vi konas Johanon?
Do you know John?
Cxu vi scias Esperanton?
Do you know Esperanto?
Cxu vi konas Esperanton?
Are you familiar with Esperanto?

Don't forget to mail these exercises to your tutor, with subject: 'FEC ekz 7'.